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ERIC Number: ED415480
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Aug-18
Pages: 26
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
A Review of Interventions To Increase Driving Safety among Teenage Drivers.
Mattox, John R., II
Young drivers across the United States represent a persistent traffic safety problem. Many interventions have been imposed on these drivers but few studies have evaluated the impact of these interventions on risky behaviors or traffic safety measures. To fill this gap, a review was undertaken to examine the most rigorous methodological evaluations of youth-oriented traffic safety interventions so as to identify the most effective interventions. The results are reported here. The interventions were classified according to the ABC (antecedents, behaviors, and consequences) model of applied behavior change. Antecedent interventions include driver education, alcohol education, peer interventions, instructional parental involvement, media campaigns, and licensing policies and driving restrictions. Consequence interventions include accelerated penalties, court-ordered programs, and drinking and driving rehabilitation. Many interventions are classified as "mixed interventions" and include minimum drinking age legislation, blood alcohol concentration legislation, mandatory seat belt use, and graduated and provisional licensing. Results show that behavioral traffic interventions are highly variable in both the nature and the effectiveness of the intervention. The most effective programs employed both antecedents and consequences, instructing youth how they should or should not drive and enforcing consequences for inappropriate behaviors. Multi-component interventions, like graduated licensing, also demonstrated reductions in risk. (RJM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A