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ERIC Number: ED415472
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Aug-17
Pages: 20
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Temperament in Infancy and Early Childhood: Implications for the Diagnosis of Regulatory Disorders.
Marcus, Robert F.
Previous research on childhood temperament has produced complex and largely unexplored heuristic models with which to understand the etiology of childhood psychopathology. Such research may help in the diagnosis of regulatory disorders in infancy and childhood, which is the focus of this paper. The recent formulation of regulatory disorders by the National Center for Clinical Infant Programs serves as a basis for examining the developmental psychology literature. The research indicates that, although temperament may be a risk factor for psychopathology, it is relatively unstable and does not carry the usual "fixedness" implied in psychopathology. Additionally, temperament has no acceptable research basis as to when it should be labeled pathological in and of itself. Likewise, the definition of regulatory disorders is problematic because the cutoffs are unclear, construct coherence is low, and relationships with existing diagnostic entities remain indistinct. Models in which temperament leads to pathological outcome suggest that it may be the parent-infant dyad that is pre-pathological and should be diagnosed. However, the interaction between temperament and caregiving should be examined for its own stability, key components, and form of pathological outcome before it is diagnostically useful. Some implications of the findings are discussed. Contains 33 references and 2 tables. (RJM)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A