ERIC Number: ED415454
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
The Therapeutic Factors Inventory: Development of a Scale.
Lese, Karen P.; MacNair-Semands, Rebecca R.
Although Yalom's framework of "therapeutic factors" for facilitating outcomes in group work has been accepted by psychologists, no empirically based instrument assesses all of these factors in one measure. The Therapeutic Factors Inventory (TFI), which is described here, was created to fill this need. In designing this measure, the literature was reviewed to establish a context. The factors were then defined based upon Yalom's theory and items were generated. To test the scale, 77 college students from 3 different geographical regions--of which 33 had been in group sessions longer than 8 sessions and 27 had been in group for 5 to 8 sessions--were administered the measure. Results indicate that the items contained strong internal consistency, reflecting reliable measurements of the therapeutic principles as defined here and by Yalom. However, many of the 11 factors were found to correlate significantly with each other which may reflect overly inclusive factors or measurement errors. It is suggested that given the systematic scrutiny Yalom's theory has undergone, that the intercorrelation of therapeutic factors may not imply that the concepts are meaningless, but that they are meaningless in isolation. (RJM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A