ERIC Number: ED415380
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
The Reality of Welfare-to-Work: Employment Opportunities for Women Affected by Welfare Time Limits in Texas.
Lawson, Leslie O.; King, Christopher T.
Researchers assembled a database of current and projected information on the following: welfare recipients; other female participants in the labor market; employment, occupational availability, and job openings; and occupational characteristics. The database was used in a multistep process to project the number of women forced to leave welfare rolls between statewide implementation of Texas' time limits and the year 2000 and other key figures. Findings revealed the following: over 59,000 women are expected to be forced to leave Texas' welfare rolls; more than half will have worked within the previous 2 years with average wages of less than $3,700; three-quarters will have been "long-term" recipients; most forced exiters are expected to be black women; and women entering the labor market from the welfare rolls will increase the statewide labor force by less than two-thirds of 1 percent. The greatest share of jobs available to forced exiters would be in service occupations. About two of five available jobs would be full time/full year. Fewer than 30 percent of all potential jobs would enable a family of three to escape poverty. At least 50 percent of possible employment opportunities would lack medical insurance coverage, dental coverage, paid personal leave, and sick leave. Well over half of all available jobs would tend to be unstable. Nearly all Texas regions were expected to have ample numbers of jobs for forced exiters in female-dominated occupations. (Appendixes contain 31 references, data sources, and 45 endnotes.) (YLB)
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Annie E. Casey Foundation, Baltimore, MD.; Foundation for Child Development, New York, NY.; Rockefeller Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Texas Univ., Austin. Center for the Study of Human Resources.; Urban Inst., Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Location: Texas
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunities Reconciliation Act