ERIC Number: ED415291
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Mar
Status of School Desegregation: The Next Generation.
Orfield, Gary; Monfort, Franklin
This report looks at the past two decades and the impact of the growth of Hispanic and Asian populations and how they are being affected by school segregation, desegregation, and resegregation. School segregation of Hispanics has increased dramatically during a period in which the nation's Hispanic enrollment has also soared. Segregation has also grown slowly and steadily for blacks in the inner cities that have been desegregated under policies that left the suburbs unchanged. Data demonstrate that Hispanics are now significantly more segregated than Blacks. In spite of increased segregation in some cities, statistics for blacks across the United States show that the widely expected increase of segregation during the Reagan years did not occur either on a national basis or in the South where most blacks live. Reagan administration policies had no overall effect on the integration of southern black students by 1988. Data in this report do not reflect the impact of recent and pending court decisions that may affect urban school desegregation. A modest increase in the nation's residential desegregation, driven by a large increase in Black and Hispanic suburbanization, has helped offset the resegregation caused by the continuing decline of white residents in central city school systems. Twenty years of data on the 17 states that enforced mandatory segregation until 1954 show that the school desegregation accomplishments of the 1960s and the early 1970s were neither fragile nor transient. Different forms of desegregation plans have different effects on the level and persistence of desegregation and on the ability of a school district to retain white enrollment. Data in this report show that county-wide desegregation plans that include both city and suburbs are more effective on both fronts. There is no evidence that the problem of school segregation will go away, however, and a new definition of segregation will probably be needed as racial composition and suburban desegregation change. An appendix presents trends in school segregation and a chart of extreme segregation. (Contains 21 tables.) (SLD)
Descriptors: Asian Americans, Black Students, Desegregation Effects, Disadvantaged Youth, Educational History, Elementary Secondary Education, Futures (of Society), Hispanic Americans, Minority Groups, Population Trends, Residential Patterns, School Desegregation, School Resegregation, Urban Schools
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National School Boards Association, Alexandria, VA. Council of Urban Boards of Education.
Note: "With the assistance of Anita Stoll and Rafael Heller." For related documents, see ED 299 334 and ED 307 358.