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ERIC Number: ED415257
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Nov
Pages: 20
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The Effects of Chess Instruction on Students' Level of Field Dependence/Independence.
Smith, James; Sullivan, Monty
A study was conducted to determine whether chess instruction would change the measure of a student's field-dependence or field-independence as determined by the Group Embedded Figures Test (GEFT) in the direction of stronger field independence. Field dependence/independence is a psychological construct referring to a global versus an analytical way of perceiving that entails the ability to perceive items without being influenced by the background. This was done by comparing the results of pretest and posttest scores on the GEFT for 11 African-American high school students (four males, seven females) in a rural northern Louisiana school. These students had received approximately 50 hours of direct chess instruction and playing experience. Chess instruction did have a significant effect on GEFT scores for females, but not male, students. Whether this might transfer to improved mathematics achievement is beyond the scope of this study, but it is a problem worth investigating. It is logical to surmise that whatever skill chess instruction enhanced for females may have already been present for males. (Contains 6 figures and 15 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Louisiana
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Group Embedded Figures Test