ERIC Number: ED415256
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Opening of Schemes and the Expression of Knowledge Structures in the Construction of Novelty: A Developmental Study of Brazilian and American Children.
Figueiredo, Eliane L.; Sisto, Fermino F.
The evolution of creative thought was examined, an examination that resulted in the construction of universal criteria for analysis and detailed evidence for the evolution of novelty, i.e. how children create knowledge. The collected data came from 200 students from the United States and 200 from Brazil. Each of the 10 age groups (from 4 to 13 years old) consisted of 40 subjects. Students, who were selected based on their involvement in a problem-solving musical activity that led them to the construction of a story, were studied individually in sessions that lasted no longer than 45 minutes per child. Deductive analysis of the interviews showed how various observable responses were interwoven. Cuts were made based on the descriptions of movements noticed, and these cuts resulted in three possible distinct levels or phases, defined as Initial (Level 1), Intermediate or Transitional (Level 2), and Final (Level 3). From this phase analysis, the characteristics that defined creative functioning were identified. In both cultures there were fundamental mechanisms that led to the production of novel ideas in the logical problem-solving process. Creativity was studied concretely, and defined as the evolution of creative thought itself. This evolution provided evidence for equilibrium occurring in the problem-solving process. Phase criteria were universal and independent of cultural interference, and results show that the subjects' behavior is not structured by the environment, but by the subjects themselves. (Contains 15 references.) (SLD)
Descriptors: Behavior Patterns, Comparative Analysis, Creative Thinking, Creativity, Criteria, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Differences, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, Foreign Countries, International Education, Knowledge Level, Preschool Children, Preschool Education, Problem Solving, Schemata (Cognition), Thinking Skills
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Brazil; United States