ERIC Number: ED415245
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996-Nov
Complementary, Not Contradictory: The Spurious Conflict between Qualitative and Quantitative Research Methodologies.
R. Zubir and M. Pope (1984) and K. Howe (1985, 1988) have argued against the "tyranny of methodological dogma" and that the division between quantitative psychometric and qualitative phenomenological and anthropological traditions is unnecessary. The postmodern self-consciousness of educational research has resulted in the realization that there is an unavoidable interaction between the researcher and the researched. In a similar way, modern physics acknowledges that it is not a mirror of nature but a "myth" about it (R. Rorty, 1989). The history of science is arguably not a history of discovery, but a history of metaphoric construction (C. Sutton, 1992). Niels Bohr's framework of "complementarity" provides a powerful metaphoric conceptual viewpoint for resolving the paradigm way between quantitative and qualitative methodologies. The reductionist-mechanistic and holistic-anthropomorphic methodologies or paradigms are not contradictory but complementary. Both quantitative and qualitative methodologies provide insight into differing aspects of a constructed reality that is too complex to be comprehended from only one point of view. (Contains 24 references.) (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - General; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Conference on Educational Research (Singapore, November 25-29, 1996).