ERIC Number: ED415229
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1995
Reference Count: N/A
Teacher Supply and Demand in the U.S.
Ingersoll, Richard M.
This paper examines the extent of current or future shortages of qualified U.S. elementary and secondary teachers. Data come from the 1987-1988 and 1990-1991 waves of the Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS), a nationally representative study by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES). The SASS includes four sets of integrated questionnaires for schools, central districts, principals, and teachers. This analysis includes selected historical and other data from several other large scale surveys; class size data from the National Education Association's Status of the American Public School Teacher Survey; salary and supply data from the NCES' Recent College Graduates Survey; and data on student enrollment, teachers employed, and pupil-teacher ratios from NCES' Common Core of Data Survey. Results indicate that large numbers of principals have trouble finding qualified candidates to fill positions. For both public and private schools, the most common methods of handling difficulties in filling openings are hiring less qualified teachers, assigning teachers trained in another field or grade level, and using substitute teachers. The end result is significant out-of-field teaching. The results suggest that there is not a shortage in the quantity of available teachers, but there are inadequacies in the quality of available teachers. Schools have filled teaching positions, but at the expense of minimal standards of teacher qualification. (Contains 3 tables and 10 references.) (SM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Schools and Staffing Survey (NCES)