ERIC Number: ED415113
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997
Reference Count: N/A
Science and Engineering Doctorate Awards: 1996. Detailed Statistical Tables.
Hill, Susan T.
The data presented in this report show trends in doctorate awards by science and engineering fields and recipient characteristics, institutions awarding doctorates, and postgraduation plans of recipients for the years 1987-1996. The source of the data is the Survey of Earned Doctorates (SED). The SED is conducted annually for the National Research Council (NRC). Data for the SED are collected from the individual doctorate recipients. The questionnaire is distributed through the cooperation of the Graduate Deans to persons as they are completing their doctorate. Tables present detailed data on science and engineering doctorate recipients with some totals providing for broad nonscience and engineering fields. Graduate schools in the United States have conferred increasing numbers of doctorates in science and engineering (S&E) fields in the last 20 years. Much of this growth is due to increasing numbers of foreign citizens on temporary visas who come to the United States to earn doctorates in S&E. In 1977, they earned 18 percent of all S&E doctorates and by 1996, they accounted for 30 percent. However, there have also been increases in U.S. citizens and immigrants holding permanent residence visas earning S&E doctorates. Increases among this group have been due to growing numbers of women and racial/ethnic minorities, mostly Asian-Americans. However, the number of Blacks, Hispanics, and American Indians awarded S&E doctorates also increased in the last 20 years, especially in the 5-year period from 1992-96. Even with these increases, Blacks, Hispanics, and American Indians remain severely underrepresented among S&E doctorates recipients. (ASK)
Descriptors: Adults, Data Collection, Demography, Doctoral Degrees, Engineering, Graduate Surveys, Higher Education, Individual Characteristics, Science Education, Sciences
National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Studies, Arlington, VA 22230.
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA. Div. of Science Resources Studies.