ERIC Number: ED415108
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997-May
Helping Students Take Responsibility for Completing the Scientific Method.
Cournaya, Ann; Hernandez, Peggy; Valenzia, Francine
This research report describes strategies that can be used to enable students to appropriately use the scientific method to solve problems during labs and activities. The targeted population consists of middle school science students in a growing middle class suburban area. Evidence of their lack of understanding and application of the scientific method is documented by surveys of the teachers and students, a scientific method lab checklist completed by the teachers, and teacher observations. Analysis of probable cause data reveals that teachers and students report a lack of science-related experiences at home for many students, and that many students believe that science has little importance in everyday life. Solution strategies suggested by this research resulted in the selection of three areas of intervention: (1) an increase in hands on labs and activities; (2) an increase in the use of cooperative learning including utilization of reflection logs by the students to encourage metacognition of the scientific method; and (3) the addition of scientific method checklists for the student and teacher to complete on labs and activities. Post-intervention data indicated a significant improvement in the knowledge and completion of the scientific method. The researchers noted increased enthusiasm toward science, as well as test score improvements. (DDR)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Masters Action Research Project, St. Xavier University and IRI/Skylight.