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ERIC Number: ED415070
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
White Mountain Apache Language: Issues in Language Shift, Textbook Development, and Native Speaker-University Collaboration.
Adley-SantaMaria, Bernadette
This paper is an overview of topics covered at two sessions of the Fourth Annual Stabilizing Indigenous Languages Symposium, from the perspective of a native speaker of an indigenous language and member of a university academic community. The first section describes a Master's thesis on White Mountain Apache (WMA) language shift. Interviews with 60 adults aged 18-91 on the WMA reservation found that Apache was spoken by 88 percent of those aged 30 and over and by only 28 percent of those under 30. Although all respondents respected Apache language and culture, language preservation was being adversely affected by changes in values, particularly those resulting from Protestant missionary teachings against traditional spiritual beliefs and ceremonies. Recommendations are offered for further research on WMA language issues. The second section briefly discusses typical conflicts between American public education and traditional indigenous teachings and suggests the need for parents, communities, tribes, schools, and universities to collaborate for restoration of indigenous languages and cultures in a sustained and mutually supportive relationship. The American Indian Language Development Institute exemplifies such a collaboration. The third section discusses the role of university-based linguists in language renewal, describes the collaboration with a linguist on Western Apache textbook development and shared areas of disagreement on materials development, and points out the advantages of various language teaching methods and strategies. Contains 21 references. (SV)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A