NotesFAQContact Us
Collection
Advanced
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED415036
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Jul
Pages: 21
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The Economics of [Not] Closing Small Rural Schools.
Witham, Mark
This paper presents a preliminary analysis of the comparative costs and benefits of closing small rural schools in South Australia. The cost analysis includes accounting for the use of staff, goods, and services; distance education support; land and buildings; and the opportunity cost of children's bus travel time. The assumption that children's time has no economic value is rejected, and a methodology is advanced that estimates the implicit minimum value of students' travel time in the economic framework used for school closure. The analysis also looks at the issue of broadening curriculum options as justification for closing small rural schools and the relationship between the formula for resource allocation to schools and the decision to close schools. Preliminary results from case studies of four small rural schools, as well as data on South Australia government schools, show that costs are not reduced but redistributed by school closure, children's time costs average $2.92 per hour (an implicit valuation of children's time by adults), and the broader curriculum of larger schools benefits only a small percentage of students. Appendices detail the case study methodology and outcomes to date. Contains 59 references. (Author/SAS)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia