ERIC Number: ED415020
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1998
Pathways to Thinking: Strategies for Developing Independent Learners K-8. Expanded Professional Version.
Ross, Elinor Parry
Learning how to think is essential for children to grow into responsible citizens and contribute to society. Schools need curricula that support a variety of thinking strategies as students read, write, and study content-area subjects, and learn to evaluate and manage what they do. This book for teachers provides a framework for creating a thinking classroom by building thinking strategies, integrating thinking across the curriculum, and creating independent learners. The chapters, each of which contain a summary and/or references, are as follows: (1) "Overview of Thinking Strategies," including models of thinking, and types of thinking strategies; (2) "Addressing the Needs of Diverse Learners," including modalities and learning styles, and Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences"; (3) "Creating a Supportive Classroom Environment," dealing with both the physical environment and the emotional climate; (4) "Valuing the Social Nature of Learning," including the significance of talk for thinking and types of collaboration; (5) "Connecting Thinking to Reading and Writing," including metacognition, thinking processes related to reading, and types of writing that stimulate thinking; (6) "Questioning Strategies," exploring the value of questioning and various types of questions; (7) "Integrated Learning with Themes," connecting mathematics and writing, science and reading, and thinking and movement, the creative arts, and language arts; (8) "Children's Literature as a Pathway to Thinking," including reader response theory, and selecting books that promote thinking; (9) "Graphic Organizers," detailing types of graphic organizers and how to use them in teaching; (10) "Using Technology to Stimulate Thinking," covering computers and television and VCRs; (11) "Developing a Sense of Responsibility," including self-evaluation and thinking beyond the classroom; (12) "Preparations for Professional Development," including needs assessment and steps for planning, such as setting goals and identifying facilities and resources; (13) "Strategies for Conducting Professional Development," including peer coaching, group work, and evaluation; and (14) "Professional Development Activities, with activities corresponding to each of the preceding chapters. The book's three appendices list videotapes for professional development; kits, software, and other materials for students, and publisher contacts. (HTH)
Descriptors: Classroom Environment, Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Style, Cooperative Learning, Creative Thinking, Critical Thinking, Curriculum Development, Elementary Education, Integrated Curriculum, Learning Modalities, Multiple Intelligences, Professional Development, Reading Processes, Thinking Skills, Writing Processes
Christopher-Gordon Publishers, Inc., 1502 Providence Highway, Suite 12, Norwood, MA 02062; phone: 781-762-5577 (Hardcover, $48.95; Paperback, $34.95).
Publication Type: Books; Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Teachers
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A