ERIC Number: ED415004
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997
Reference Count: N/A
How to Use Problem-Based Learning in the Classroom.
Problem-based learning (PBL) is a teaching technique that educates by presenting students with a situation that leads to a problem for them to solve. Rather than finding a single correct answer, students interpret the question, gather additional information, create possible solutions, evaluate options, and present conclusions. This book shows classroom instructors how to challenge students by providing them with a structured opportunity to share information, prove their knowledge, and engage in independent learning. Chapter 1 defines PBL, discussing its origins and its place in the school improvement movement. Chapter 2 offers reasons for using PBL in the classroom, including more active student engagement in learning, promotion of an interdisciplinary approach, and greater student choice. Chapter 3 discusses the teacher's role in PBL as curriculum designer, guide, and evaluator. Chapter 4 describes how to develop a problem for study, and chapter 5 describes the PBL process. Chapter 6 discusses evaluating PBL in the classroom. Chapters 7-11 offer specific examples of problem-based learning in the classroom. The examples include: 11th and 12th grade chemistry; 3rd grade social studies; 7th grade mathematics; 9th grade biology; and an interdisciplinary 5th grade PBL-based curriculum. Chapter 12 offers suggestions for creating an environment that encourages problem-based learning and concludes by outlining the essential elements of problem-based learning. (TJQ)
Descriptors: Active Learning, Cooperation, Critical Thinking, Educational Improvement, Elementary Secondary Education, Experiential Learning, Interdisciplinary Approach, Learner Controlled Instruction, Problem Based Learning, Problem Solving, Student Evaluation, Student Interests, Teaching Methods
Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, 1250 North Pitt Street, Alexandria, VA 22314-1453; phone: 800-933-2723; fax: 703-299-8631; www: http://www.ascd.org; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org (ASCD Stock No. 197166; ASCD member price, $10.95; nonmember price: $12.95).
Publication Type: Books; Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Teachers
Authoring Institution: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, Alexandria, VA.