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ERIC Number: ED414936
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Apr
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Transition to Electronic Content Licensing: The Institutional Context in 1997.
Okerson, Ann
Instead of relying on national copyright law, surrounding case law, international treaties, and prevailing practice to govern information transactions for electronic information, copyright holders have turned to contracts (or licenses as they are more commonly called in the library world) as the mechanism for defining the owner, user, and uses of any given piece of information. The phenomenon of institutional licensing for electronic content has evolved in a short time. By the late '80s, libraries began to purchase shrinkwrapped ("pre-licensed") content. Concurrently, a number of indexing and abstracting services offered electronic versions directly to libraries via CD-ROM or through dial-up, and it was at this point, within the last 10 years, that library licenses gradually became recognized as a means to a new and different sort of information acquisition or access. Complaints about terms of licenses began to be (and continue to be) many. Some notable challenges of the library licensing environment today are in the following areas: terms of use; scalability; price; the liability-trust conundrum; the aggregator aggravation; the challenge of consortial dealings; and institutional workflow restructuring. On the positive side, both individual libraries and consortia of libraries have reported negotiating electronic content licenses with a number of publishers who have been particularly understanding of research library needs. (AEF)
Association of Research Libraries (ARL) Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A