ERIC Number: ED414713
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997
Reference Count: N/A
Investigation of Level Systems in Classrooms for Students with Emotional and Behavioral Disorders.
Farrell, Daniel T.
Florida Educational Research Council Research Bulletin, v28 n3 Fall 1997
A survey of 172 teachers of students with emotional and behavioral disorders (EBD) investigated the extent of level system use in special education classrooms, characteristics of teachers and students who use level systems, characteristics of level system operation, teacher perceptions of level system effectiveness, and their satisfaction with level systems. The design of the 29-item survey included a critical analysis of level system literature, a review by experts in behavioral management to establish content validity, a pilot test, and participant interviews to acquire feedback. Results found that the majority of teachers in all service delivery models except non-categorical resource rooms use level systems. Teachers included major components of level systems suggested in the literature, such as rewards and reward schedules; consequences; definitions of levels; and criteria for placement, advancements, and graduation. Students who generally had poor peer relationships were felt to be behaviorally and academically successful in level systems in special classes but unsuccessful in returning to regular classrooms. Because of the extent of level-system use in classes for students with EBD and the failure of most students to return successfully to regular classes, further research regarding level systems is urged. (Contains 51 references.) (Author/CR)
Descriptors: Behavior Disorders, Behavior Modification, Classroom Environment, Classroom Techniques, Elementary Secondary Education, Emotional Disturbances, Generalization, Incentives, Inclusive Schools, Interpersonal Competence, Interviews, Program Effectiveness, Reinforcement, Rewards, Teacher Attitudes, Teacher Surveys, Transfer of Training
FERC, Inc., P.O. Box 506, Sanibel, FL 33957 (individual copies $4, annual subscription $15., 10 percent discount on 5 or more copies; orders of less than $20 must be accompanied by check or money order).
Publication Type: Collected Works - Serials; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Florida Educational Research Council, Inc., Sanibel.