ERIC Number: ED414681
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994
Reference Count: N/A
An Investigation of the Compensatory Effectiveness of Assistive Technology on Postsecondary Students with Learning Disabilities. Final Report.
Murphy, Harry; Higgins, Eleanor
This final report describes the activities and accomplishments of a 3-year study on the compensatory effectiveness of three assistive technologies, optical character recognition, speech synthesis, and speech recognition, on postsecondary students (N=140) with learning disabilities. These technologies were investigated relative to: (1) immediate compensatory effects on reading comprehension, proofreading and written composition; (2) long-term effects on academic retention and success; (3) long-term effects on academic behaviors and attitudes; and (4) cost effectiveness in relation to other compensatory strategies. Results indicated that all three of the technologies significantly alleviated difficulties in reading comprehension, proofreading and written composition; significantly improved long-term academic retention and success; positively influenced academic behaviors and attitudes; and were highly cost effective as compared to other compensatory interventions. The most dramatic findings were in the area of retention. Participants in the study had a drop-out rate of 1.4 percent as compared to 34 percent for matched controls over the same 3-year period. Individual sections of the report present an overview of the project, and detail the project's purpose, background and origins, specific studies conducted, and evaluation/project results. Extensive appendices include the text of five publications related to the study's findings, a questionnaire/interview schedule, course outlines, and sample lesson plans. Contains over 100 references. (DB)
Descriptors: Assistive Devices (for Disabled), Compensatory Education, Computer Uses in Education, Cost Effectiveness, Dropout Rate, Educational Strategies, High Risk Students, Higher Education, Learning Disabilities, Proofreading, Reading Comprehension, Student Attitudes, Student Attrition, Writing (Composition)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: California State Univ., Northridge.