ERIC Number: ED414675
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Educating Children Who Are Deaf or Hard of Hearing: Inclusion. ERIC Digest #E557.
Nowell, Richard; Innes, Joseph
This digest uses a question-and-answer format to summarize basic issues about the inclusion of children who are deaf or hard of hearing in classrooms with normal hearing students. It briefly reviews the history of the inclusion movement and identifies two general positions in the debate: (1) that all students have the right to go to school with their non-disabled peers, and (2) that all students with disabilities should go to regular schools, the "full inclusion" position. Parents are reminded that inclusion is an option, that their child has a right to inclusion (despite possible resistance by school authorities), but that inclusion might not be appropriate for all children with hearing losses. Identified among the benefits of inclusion are: being able to live at home, opportunities for communication with the hearing world, opportunities for learning the standards of the hearing world, and availability of a wider range of academic or vocational programs. The identified limitations of inclusion are: the potential for isolation from teachers and peers, fewer opportunities for direct instruction, limited opportunities for direct interaction with peers and professional support staff, and limited availability and quality of support staff. Parents are provided with suggestions about questions to consider before choosing the inclusion option. (DB)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Deafness, Decision Making, Elementary Secondary Education, Inclusive Schools, Mainstreaming, Partial Hearing, Peer Relationship, Preschool Education, Social Integration, Special Schools, Student Placement, Student Rights
ERIC Clearinghouse on Disabilities and Gifted Education, Council for Exceptional Children, 1920 Association Drive, Reston, VA 20191-1589; toll-free telephone: 800-328-0272.
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Parents; Practitioners; Teachers
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Disabilities and Gifted Education, Reston, VA.