ERIC Number: ED414614
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
The Ivory Tower in Violent America: An Historical Perspective.
Frankhouser, Willis M.
The history of violence on university campuses mirrors that of the surrounding culture--students bring their values and standards of conduct with them to the university. This paper traces historical events which associate violence with university settings to give a sense of today's situation. The focus is on four periods representing important stages in the development of the modern university and in understanding the violent events which have occurred on campuses: (1) the roots of the modern university system in the Middle Ages; (2) the American Colonial period and beyond; (3) the postwar era; and (4) the recent past. The paper points out that on today's campuses, alcohol is involved in over 90% of campus crime, and drinking "for the specific purpose of getting drunk" is on the rise. The paper notes that a recent survey of 3300 administrators indicated that only 56.4% of reported physical assaults resulted in any institutional penalty whatsoever; the most likely profile of the student criminal is a male who probably comes from a pathological family unit, is a member of a fraternity, is an academically marginal or poor student, and also an athlete. The paper estimates that one in three students will be the victim of some type of campus crime and lists 20 criminal incidents which occurred between 1966 and 1997 and were published in daily newspapers. The paper notes that 1990's Crime Awareness and Campus Security Act was the result of the 1986 murder of a student whose parents afterwards crusaded for legislation requiring institutions of higher education which accepted federal financial aid funds to annually release information to students and to the public concerning various types of crimes on campus. Contains 22 references. (NKA)
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Crime Awareness and Campus Security Act 1990