ERIC Number: ED414548
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997
Risk and Resilience in Infants and Young Children.
Many children who are born into poverty face increased challenges. But different factors can ameliorate such risks and some findings on resilience and protective factors are reported in this paper. The data are based on the Parent-Child Project, a 22-year study of high-risk children. The focus is on protective factors identified in the first three years of life. Emphasis is placed on the role of mother-infant attachment and on the prevention and intervention programs that were designed to enhance the attachment relationship. Assessments of adaptation and competence were based on an organizational view of development and protective factors were identified by examining the relationship between adversity experienced by the child and later child developmental adaptation. Findings suggest that a secure attachment in infancy, along with good quality parenting, particularly emotionally responsive caregiving, and good quality parent-child relationship in the toddler and preschool period serve as major protective factors against the negative effects of various childhood adversities. The implications from these findings are that future prevention/intervention efforts with young children need to focus more on the emotional aspects of parenting young children. (RJM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A