ERIC Number: ED414525
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1995
Reference Count: N/A
Follow-Up Evaluation of Career-Counseling Programs: ERIC Digest.
Flynn, Robert J.
In this digest, "career counseling" refers to activities intended to improve individuals' ability to make career decisions. Studies have shown that career counseling helps individuals as much as well-developed psychological, educational, or behavioral interventions. But more studies are needed to explain this phenomenon; this digest surveys follow-up evaluation efforts of career counseling. The fundamental reason for conducting follow-up evaluations is the impossibility of judging the true value of such programs without the extended time perspective afforded by follow-up. Researchers should use various instruments to assess career information, such as multiple measures of the same outcome, specific measures, and global measures. Some of the major outcome domains to consider are career decision-making, effective role functioning, and evaluation of counseling. The key purposes for conducting a follow-up evaluation should be specified in advance. Follow-up evaluations are typically post hoc and so cannot be improved by the random assignment of participants to control groups. Also, multiple follow-up assessments allow a profile of program effects over time to be determined. In one follow-up study, conducted three to six months after career counseling had ended, clients rated discussions with their counselor as the single most useful component of career counseling. Follow-up assessment provides advantages that no other evaluation strategy offers. (RJM)
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Counseling and Student Services, Greensboro, NC.; Canadian Guidance and Counselling Foundation, Ottawa (Ontario).
Identifiers - Location: Canada