ERIC Number: ED414471
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Career Development Effects of Career Magnets versus Comprehensive Schools.
Flaxman, Erwin; Guerrero, Anabelle; Gretchen, Denise
The effects of attending an urban career magnet high school were examined by comparing the career development of 51 graduates of 4 career magnet high schools and 59 graduates of 4 comprehensive high schools in a large city. Subjects were drawn from a database through a random assignment and matching process. All 110 graduates were surveyed using closed-ended (Likert scale and yes/no) structured interviews. Graduates of career magnet schools were 30% more likely than graduates of comprehensive high schools to perceive that their parents would be willing to make sacrifices to send them to college. Career magnet school graduates were also 19% more likely to believe that they would be in their desired career within the next 6-10 years. The career magnet students were more likely to have a best friend with a career interest and were thus very likely to have been exposed to an environment where career thinking and career planning were the norm. It was concluded that attendance at a career magnet school may itself have affected parents' assumptions about the seriousness of their child's efforts. Career magnet schools were found to create a social climate that helps youth acquire the social capital needed for career development. The need for more adult influences suggests that magnet schools should provide more opportunities for youth to enlarge their social networks, supplementing their family and community background. (Contains 34 references.) (MN)
Descriptors: Attitude Change, Career Development, Comparative Analysis, Education Work Relationship, Educational Environment, Environmental Influences, Graduate Surveys, High Schools, Magnet Schools, Outcomes of Education, Psychological Characteristics, School Surveys, Social Attitudes, Urban Areas, Urban Education, Vocational Education, Work Attitudes
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Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Vocational and Adult Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Center for Research in Vocational Education, Berkeley, CA.