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ERIC Number: ED414148
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Nov
Pages: 8
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Social Justice in Outdoor Leadership.
Warren, Karen; Russek, Angel
Equitable outdoor leadership responsive to social justice issues has historically been absent in the field of adventure education. The call for social justice in the field has been hampered by lack of information, negligible programmatic support, personal conditioning and bias, resistance to reform from those in power, and firmly established traditions in outdoor leadership. Researchers attempting to identify key competencies needed by leaders of outdoor adventures, for example, asked only experienced outdoor leaders for input. Since a disproportionate number of respondents were White males with advanced degrees, the voices of the poor, women, and racial minorities in the field were not prevalent in determining key components of outdoor leadership. Gender biased language, such as using the words "hard" and "soft" to describe skills better defined as "technical" or "interpersonal," has also made it difficult for the development of socially just programs. Most accreditation program literature is lacking in any mention of social and cultural competencies in outdoor leaders and program administrators. One example of a socially just program offering Bachelor's of Science and Master's of Science degrees in environmental education is examined. Contains 16 references. (Author/TSP)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A