ERIC Number: ED414143
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997-Nov
The Reality of Experience.
This paper outlines the principles of Reality Therapy and Choice Theory, which provide a practical foundation for understanding and influencing human behavior, and relate them to experiential learning. Choice Theory is an explanation of human behavior developed by Dr. William Glasser (1965, 1985); Reality Therapy is the application of Choice Theory within the context of helping relationships. All behavior is an attempt to meet one or more of four basic psychological needs; love and belonging, power and recognition, fun, and freedom. The facilitator's role is to establish a need-satisfying environment where all participants feel safe to embrace risk and challenge in their quest to achieve their purpose. Though human beings have the same basic needs, they have different perceptions of how to meet those needs. Individuals meet their needs and express perceptions through total behavior, which has four components; thinking, feeling, doing, and physiology. Helping participants utilize their thoughts and behavior to overcome negative feelings and physiology are some of the most powerful opportunities in the adventure experience. Also important in designing and facilitating activities are individual learning styles: active experimentation, concrete experiential, reflective observation, and abstract conceptualization. Appealing to all learning styles contributes dramatically to learning and transference, and is easily done through careful planning. Reality Therapy is a self-evaluation process involving a series of questions that allow participants to make their own value judgments. Experiential education offers infinite opportunities for applying and internalizing these principals for enhancing personal and professional growth. (TD)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: Deeply Rooted, Branching Out, 1972-1997. Annual AEE International Conference Proceedings; see RC 021 269.