ERIC Number: ED414100
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Latinos in Nebraska: A Socio-Historical Profile. JSRI Statistical Brief No. 9.
Rochin, Refugio I.; Siles, Marcelo E.; Gomez, Jose
This statistical brief provides an overview of Latino history in Nebraska and includes data tables that compare Latinos with other population groups in Nebraska and with Latinos in other parts of the Midwest. The first Europeans in the Midwest were Spanish, but they later abandoned their Midwest colonies, and today the Latinos in Nebraska are primarily of Mexican origin. The Mexican Revolution stimulated the flow of Mexicans to Nebraska in the early 1900s, where they found work in railroads, packing industries, and farming. Since the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986, Latino population has grown to 2.3 percent of Nebraska's population, and since 1980 the Latino population has increased 32 percent, compared to an 18 percent increase for African Americans, and a 1 percent decrease for Whites. More Nebraska Latinos have 8 or less years of schooling than Whites or Blacks. Latinos leave school earlier than do Whites or Blacks; many leave to contribute to family income. Male and female Hispanics have higher labor force participation than Whites or Blacks, and have unemployment rates higher than Whites but lower than Blacks. Latinos tend to hold lower-paying jobs, partly due to educational attainment, but also to limited English fluency, bias, and discrimination. Median household income for Nebraska Hispanics is below the Midwest Hispanic income, and has deteriorated over the last 10 years. Hispanic poor families have increased between 1980 and 1990, while White poor families have decreased. (Contains 12 references.) (TD)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Julian Samora Research Inst.
Identifiers - Location: Nebraska