ERIC Number: ED414063
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993
Reference Count: N/A
Family Strengths and Youth Behavior Problems: Analyses of Three National Survey Data Bases. Summary.
Moore, Kristin A.
This document summarizes research on the utility of family strength constructs to predict adolescent behavior problems. Three national survey and interview databases were analyzed for this study, the National Longitudinal Study of Youth-Child Supplement (NLSY-CS), the National Survey of Children (NSC), and the National Survey of Families and Households (NSFH). Measures were developed to tap family strengths constructs, including communication, appreciation, religiosity, time together, clarity of roles, commitment to family, and social connectedness. Findings indicated that family strengths were common among all families, regardless of family structure or race. Modest correlations were found between different family strength construct measures. Measures of harsh or strong punishment, marital conflict, and parent-child conflict predicted later behavior problems, with one exception. In the NSFH analyses, socializing with neighbors and friends had a small, positive association with the frequency of adolescent behavior problems. Controlling for socioeconomic variables tended to diminish but not erase the effects of family process variables on behavior problems. In the NSC, parent-child communication predicted all youth outcomes. In the NLSY-CS, family strength measures had little effect on child outcomes once variables such as income, family structure, race, and parent education were controlled. In the disadvantaged sample of the NLSY-CS, family strength measures did not consistently predict children's behavior and self-perceptions. In the NSFH, the most important family strength variable were parent-child time together, parental commitment to the family, and parental encouragement of child's independence. Results suggest that including measure of family processes, such as family strengths constructs, in large-scale national surveys is promising. (Contains 15 references.) (KB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Child Trends, Inc., Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: National Longitudinal Survey of Youth; National Survey of Families and Households