ERIC Number: ED414049
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Security Blanket or Mother: Which Benefits Linus during Pediatric Examinations?
Ybarra, Gabriel; Passman, Richard H.; Eisenberg, Carl S. L.
This study compared the degree to which young children were placated during a standard medical evaluation by the presence of their mother, blanket, mother plus blanket, or no supportive agent. Participating were 64 three-year-olds who underwent 4 routine medical procedures. Children were rated by their mothers as attached or nonattached to blankets. These two groups of attached and nonattached children were randomly assigned to one of four experimental conditions, mother, blanket, mother plus blanket, or no supportive agent. The dependent measures were: (1) discomfort as rated on the Observational Scale of Behavioral Distress; (2) overall behavioral distress rating; (3) heart rate; and (4) blood pressure. A multivariate analysis of variance on the behavioral and the physiological measures indicated that mothers and blankets (for children attached to them) equally mitigated distress compared to nonattached blankets and no agents. Presenting two attachment agents (mother plus blanket) detracted from the singular effects of mothers or blankets. For soothing pediatric patients during moderately upsetting medical procedures, security blankets are appropriate parental substitutes. (Author/KB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A