ERIC Number: ED414048
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Innovative Approaches in Early Childhood Education. Evaluation Report.
Khullar, Mala; Menon, Shyam
The Bodh approach to primary education in India focuses on community and parental involvement, including home visits by teachers, training of community women to be para-teachers for preschools, and parent-teacher meetings. The curriculum is activity-oriented, incorporates a flexible age/grade matrix, and includes culturally relevant experiences. Planning and documentation include annual teacher planning workshops, daily teacher journals, and frequent training workshops. This project adapted the Bodh educational approach for selected Indian government primary schools, provided training to government teachers, and developed a teachers' initiative to design, develop, and implement the curriculum. The project conducted action research to document the efforts. Findings indicated that teacher turnover was high due primarily to marriage and family needs. The preschool program has effectively used community-based human resources and has fulfilled the project objective of implementing a low-cost, community-based preschool in urban slums. The curriculum has made good use of traditional languages/dialects, games, songs, and stories. A locally appropriate training approach respects the needs of teacher trainees. Implementation of the program in 10 government schools is in the pilot phase--agreements have been reached with the government officials, teachers have been recruited and trained, and the program has been started in two classes. The program is being adapted for the government school environment and has involved working with several levels of bureaucracy to gain allies to break down resistance to change. (Includes recommendations regarding Bodh initiatives, the slum schools, the adoption program, Bodh as an organization, training, and necessary research studies.) (KB)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Aga Khan Foundation, Geneva (Switzerland).
Identifiers - Location: India