ERIC Number: ED414046
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
Nonresident Father Involvement and Child Outcomes among Young Children in Families on Welfare.
Greene, Angela Dungee; Moore, Kristin Anderson
This study used descriptive data from the Job Opportunities and Basic Skills (JOBS) Child Outcome Study to identify predictors of involvement among nonresident fathers of young children who receive welfare, and the relationship of father involvement to child outcomes. Participating were 693 mothers and children ages 3 to 5 in Fulton County, Georgia whose fathers lived elsewhere. The measures of father involvement were father-child visitation, formal child support payments received through the child support enforcement system, and informal child support, such as money or material given to the mother. Findings showed that while only 16.6 percent of fathers provided child support through the formal system during the past year, 42.3 percent provided informal support, and 67 percent visited at least once. Father's residence in the same state as the focal child and the provision of support for the child from the father's family were associated with a higher likelihood of his involvement. Monetary and material contributions from the father, especially informal contributions, were associated with more positive child outcomes. Formal and informal child support were associated with higher child scores on the Personal Maturity Scale. Informal child support was positively correlated with the quality of the child's home environment as measured on the HOME-SF, especially the cognitive stimulation subscale. The data consistently failed to provide support for the assumption that father-child visitation has positive effects on child well-being. (Contains 35 references.) (SD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD. Early Child Care Network.
Authoring Institution: Child Trends, Inc., Washington, DC.