ERIC Number: ED414016
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997-Apr
Maternal Depressive Symptoms as a Risk Factor for the Development of Children in Poverty.
Coiro, Mary Jo
Higher rates of mental health problems, including depression, have consistently been documented among lower-income samples, and the highest rates of depression have been found among low-income mothers with young children. This study examined maternal depressive symptoms as a risk factor for the development of children who are already at risk by virtue of their poverty status; the study also examined factors that may intensify or minimize the influence of maternal depressed mood over time. The sample consisted of 177 mothers from the control group of the JOBS Child Outcomes study. Initial and follow-up versions of the CES-D and HOME scale were completed to measure, respectively, mothers' self-reported depressive symptoms and the quality of the home environment. The Behavior Problem Index (BPI) and the Bracken Concept Scale were also completed to measure mothers' reports of their children's behavior and children's school readiness, respectively. Results showed that: (1) children whose mothers report higher levels of depressive symptoms are at risk for more behavior problems and lower school readiness; (2) mothers who received job training or worked during this time period experienced a significant decline in depressive symptoms; and (3) an increase in the mother's depressive symptoms can lead to poorer outcomes for the child, although experiencing a decrease does not necessarily wipe out the effects of the earlier depression. (Contains 17 references.) (EV)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (62nd, Washington, DC, April 3-6, 1997).