ERIC Number: ED413930
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
A Content Analysis and Historical Comparison of Bibliotherapy Research.
Piercy, Brenda A.
Treatment characteristics and methods were analyzed for 103 empirical studies of reading therapy, or bibliotherapy, from the United States and Canada conducted over the past two decades and retrieved from the PsychInfo database. A content analysis was performed on each study, and quantified data was reported and compared within and between two time groups, 1970-1983 and 1984-1996. Data for journal title, author gender and occupational field, treatment area, focus age group, literary genre, treatment method, and outcome measure were gathered for each study. Frequencies and percentages calculated and tabulated for each analyzed category revealed strong similarities across time groups for a number of like categories. It was found that individual factors of high frequency and percentage from categories in the first time group most often had high frequencies and percentages in comparable categories of the second time group. A few major differences were noted, though mostly for factors of low percentage within a given category. Across both groups, the number of male authors (researchers) exceeded females, and the highest percentage of authors worked in the field of psychology. Most research was conducted on adult subjects, and self-help literature was the most prescribed genre for all the studies analyzed. Treatment methods were found to be categorizable by the level of therapist/researcher involvement with subjects. These categories were the same across groups. Methods were statistically compared by their outcome measures. Chi square analysis revealed no greater chance of any one treatment method producing more significant outcomes than any other treatment method, for both time groups. The coding sheet is appended. Information is presented in nine tables.(Contains 25 references.) (Author/AEF)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada; United States