ERIC Number: ED413786
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Oct-1
Reference Count: N/A
National Language Needs and Federal Support of National Language Capacity: The Critical Role of Title VI of the Higher Education Act.
Brecht, Richard D.; Rivers, William P.
The years since the fall of the Soviet Union have seen dramatic changes in international relations, global economics, global communications, population migration, and international organized crime. A survey of language needs in the federal government identified 43 countries of primary importance, 19 of secondary importance, and 30 languages critical to national security, all among the less commonly taught languages. All but three of those languages have low enrollments in the United States. A Central Intelligence Agency study identified shortfalls in the government agencies' study of Central, East, and South Asian languages. In addition, language needs are changing for the military, social services, and industry. Since 1958, the primary national vehicle for meeting long-term national needs in foreign languages has been Title VI of the Higher Education Act, which supports both the supply of language-competent individuals and the national capacity to maintain and increase that supply. The national capacity to supply expertise in the much-needed less commonly taught languages, all vital to economic, political, and military interests of the United States, rests largely in this legislation. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Higher Education Act Title VI