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ERIC Number: ED413689
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998
Pages: 35
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Effects of a Gluten-Free Diet on Rate of Learning in Autistic Children in an Applied Behavioral Analysis Program: Summary Analysis.
Pontino, Jamie Lyn; Schaal, Kelly; Chambliss, Catherine
This summary analysis discusses a series of studies that used both between-subjects and within-subjects analyses to examine the effects of a gluten-free diet on the academic achievement of children with autism. In the first study, the between-subjects analysis included data from eight children with autism (ages 5-7), with four on a gluten-free diet and four controls. No significant achievement differences were found. The within-subjects analysis compared rates of achievement from 10 trials of three male participants before and 1 month after placement on a gluten-free diet. Analysis revealed a significant improvement in the rate of achievement following diet initiation. In the second study, six children (ages 4-7) with autism in an applied behavioral analysis program were divided into a gluten-free diet group and a control group. Those with a gluten-free diet showed significant improvement in the rate of learning. The third and fourth studies compared the performance of three of these children 6 months and 9 months after placement on a gluten-free diet. Results showed continuous improvement. However, the failure in study five to observe a significant performance change between the base line and the 9-month diet period, using either the between or within-subjects analyses, raises questions about the effectiveness of this treatment. (Contains 23 references.) (CR)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A