ERIC Number: ED413652
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997-Mar
Yin and Yang: The Process of Developing Integrated Curriculum.
Tunks, Jeanne L.; Moore, Geoffrey
Creating an integrated curriculum requires a collaboration that balances the personal, professional, and production aspects of a project. This paper describes interaction within a team of teachers whose focus for developing an integrated curriculum emerged from a community-arts organization. Topics examined include: the tension between team members, the ways in which teachers from different disciplines perceived the process of developing an integrated curriculum based on a master work of art, and their contributions to the project. The Arts Related Integration and Assessment (ARIA) Project, initiated by the Dallas (Texas) Opera, began as a study about how different disciplines naturally contribute to the study of opera as a master work of art. Data were collected over a 1-year period and were gathered through participant observation, surveys, sociograms, learning profiles of the teachers, and unstructured conferences with team members. Findings show that balance between personal needs, team members' expectations, and the need to produce a practical product became vital to the project's success. The success of "good-fit" teachers demonstrates that opera is a viable source of integrated-curriculum design. Teachers with minimal experience with opera made valuable contributions as team members and producers of the curriculum. However, two members' preformed ideas and tacit ownership of the art form prevented them from participating on a higher level. Staff members therefore must carefully select team members and include a variety of learning styles to ensure the project's completion, depth, and breadth. Knowledge and experience of differences and likenesses among team members' disciplines, learning styles, preferences, and perceptions increase the potential for achieving balance between both the team and the product. These elements form the yin and yang of designing and producing an integrated curriculum. One table and three figures are included. (contains 30 references.) (LMI)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Chicago, IL, March 24-28, 1997).