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ERIC Number: ED413619
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Nov
Pages: 23
Abstractor: N/A
Seniority and Superiority: A Case Analysis of Chinese Decision Making.
Chen, Guo-Ming
Employing participant observation methodology, this paper analyzes a 4-hour meeting held among the representatives of a large religious organization in Taiwan. The analysis focuses on the influence of seniority on the Chinese decision making process. Five components of decision making proposed by Stewart (1985) and Kume (1985) were used for the purpose of analysis. The findings extend the Chen and Starosta (1997) argument that although seniority, as the locus of power and authority in Chinese society, is normally used to reinforce and perpetuate Chinese cultural values, it may be abused for gaining personal interests. The abuse of senior power, as this case shows, leads to paralysis of the decision making process. Findings demonstrate the dynamic and complex nature of decision making in terms of its dialectic relationship with culture. A person's behavior is the mirror of his/her culture. Culture provides a set of thinking patterns that leads to a specific way of action. Intercultural communication scholars should undertake research on deviations from cultural value orientations. Chung (1996) proposed a model of multilevel cultures for Chinese decision making; Hwang (1997) proposed a model of conflict resolution in Chinese society. The two models deserve a further examination for future research. (Contains 27 references.) (Author/CR)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Taiwan