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ERIC Number: ED413610
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-May
Pages: 90
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Helping Students Become More Effective Communicators through the Proper Use of Spelling and Conventions in Their Writing.
Aravena, Miriam; Farrell, Dena; Messina, Barbara; Neswold, Sharon
A study examined a program for promoting standard writing skill development to facilitate effective communication. Targeted were three regular third- and fourth-grade classes and one bilingual fourth-grade class in growing, middle class communities located west of a large metropolitan area. The lack of developmentally appropriate spelling and standard conventions were documented by teacher and parent surveys, student inventories, and assessments of writing performance. Results, through analysis of probable cause data, indicated that student writing contained deficiencies because of misinterpretation of whole language theories, absence of consistent, school-wide writing programs, ineffective spelling programs, and difficulty in acquiring English as a Second Language. Findings, through reviews of curricula content and instructional strategies, suggest that both time constraints and limited background knowledge prohibited teachers from providing effective individual instruction. The out of context nature of previous language programs had left students without sense of both ownership and involvement in written language. A review of solution strategies suggested by knowledgeable others, combined with analysis of the problem setting, resulted in selecting four major categories of intervention. Writers workshop and cooperative learning strategies, along with a teacher-designed spelling program, were all implemented and incorporated into a whole-language setting. Post-intervention data indicated that the direct instruction of writing and spelling strategies was effective in improving the written communication abilities of the targeted students. Both English and bilingual students benefited from this intervention. Appended are various test and survey results and sample forms. (Contains 30 references.) (Author/CR)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Masters Theses; Reports - Descriptive; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A