ERIC Number: ED413569
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997-Mar-27
The Generality of Drug Resistance Self-Efficacy across Social Situations and Solitary Contexts.
Jenkins, Jeanne E.; Nolan, Heather; Rieder, Christie
According to a recent national survey, 9 out of 10 high school students in the United States reported that they had tried alcohol at least once. Previous research has identified drug resistance self-efficacy (DRSE) as an important construct in adolescent drug use, which is the focus of this research study. A total of 361 students in grades 9-12 completed a 121-item questionnaire which focused on their use of beer, wine coolers, liquor, and marijuana. Results indicate that adolescents' perception of their ability to resist generalizes across situations, particularly for wine coolers and liquor. As perceptions of resistance in one situation increased, perceptions of resistance in another situation also increased. However, differences were observed in the magnitude of the relationship for certain drugs, specifically beer, wine coolers, and marijuana. Analysis of results show strong intercorrelations for each drug studied among the DRSE situations. Party DRSE was the strongest predictor of DRSE in a solitary context. Different predictive models, though, were found for the high frequency beer and marijuana users with respect to DRSE in solitary/angry situations. (RJM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Chicago, IL, March 24-28, 1997).