ERIC Number: ED413560
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997-Apr-3
Designing and Justifying a Treatment Intervention for Severely Behaviorally Disordered Young Children in a General Education Setting.
Macklem, Gayle L.
The time for school psychologists to invest concentrated and intensive intervention is when students are very young and still in general education settings. This paper presents suggestions on ways to accomplish this through data collection, design of an intervention, staff training, modifying an intervention, and teamwork. To illustrate the process, the paper describes a case study of a child in nursery school who was identified as having developmental problems. Traditional interventions and even consultations did not work with the child, so an intensive intervention, using a team approach, was initiated. First a baseline of behavior was established, and then the intervention plan was developed. The plan called for time-out procedures combined with a high rate of reinforcement and a change in antecedents. The school psychologist met with teachers and staff to discuss the intervention and to train them in its implementation. After beginning the plan, staff met continuously to monitor progress and to adjust the interventions to address new behaviors. The intervention resulted in a steep decline in aggressive behaviors and in noncompliance. Verbal threats were extinguished and affectionate behavior increased dramatically. Plans for long-term maintenance as the child moved to higher grades were also implemented. (RJM)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Association of School Psychologists (Anaheim, CA, April 1-5, 1997).