ERIC Number: ED413467
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996-Mar
Do Mothers Stay on the Job? What Employers Can Do To Increase Retention after Childbirth. Research-in-Brief.
According to a recent study of how women manage maternity in the workplace, more than 70% of pregnant employees were still employed at the same job 6 months after childbirth (compared to 80% of young women who had not been pregnant). A study of 324 randomly selected employed women in the Midwest yielded similar results. Six months after giving birth, 72% percent of the women had returned to work with the same employer, 11% were working for a different employer, and only 17% had not returned to work. Of the managers and professionals, only 11% did not return to the jobs they held before their pregnancy. Other findings of these studies were as follows: employer accommodations to pregnant workers played a significant role in producing high retention figures; total length of child-bearing leave and ability to avoid excessive work hours (over 40 per week), show strong and consistent effects on employee retention; women who considered their supervisors indifferent or hostile to their needs were more likely to change jobs or exit the labor force; and women who believed that employment does not adversely affect the mother-child relationship were less likely to exit the labor force after childbirth. (MN)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Institute for Women's Policy Research, Washington, DC.