ERIC Number: ED413403
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997
Reference Count: N/A
The Positive Force of Youth Fair Chance. Giving Young People in Poverty a Chance at Education and Earnings.
Corson, Walter; Dynarski, Mark; Haimson, Joshua; Rosenberg, Linda
The Youth Fair Chance (YFC) program is funded by the U.S. Department of Labor to help young people finish high school, get better jobs, and address personal and family problems. Twelve YFC programs operate in urban areas, and four operate in rural areas, including a locale with a high proportion of Native Americans and one that is home to many migrant and seasonal farm workers. This publication summarizes features of YFC programs and analyzes their implementation. It also highlights experiences that may be useful to designers of other programs for youth and comprehensive initiatives for communities. All the programs had three key components: (1) learning centers were set up to provide education, employment, and support for youths who were out of school; (2) school-to-work initiatives were launched in local secondary schools; and (3) communities got involved in the program through community advisory boards. The flexibility to meet the needs of local youth at the heart of all the programs resulted from pulling together organizations within the community to form collaboratives. YFC programs differ from conventional job training programs in that they focus on specific geographic areas and provide opportunities for local involvement. The experience of YFC programs indicates that programs can provide guaranteed access to appropriate services, a finding that answers a question posed by Congress. A second question posed by Congress is whether the programs can set up integrated intake and case management systems. The answer to this question is a qualified "yes," since sites were able to set up case management, but case managers were not able to determine eligibility for other employment training, health, or income support programs. YFC sites face a future complicated by funding problems, but most expect to try to become self-sustaining. (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Employment and Training Administration (DOL), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Mathematica Policy Research, Inc., Plainsboro, NJ.