ERIC Number: ED413401
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Home-Grown Progress: The Evolution of Innovative School-to-Work Programs.
Pedraza, Rachel A.; Pauly, Edward; Kopp, Hilary
The School-to-Work Opportunities Act (STWOA) of 1994 provides flexible funding and technical assistance to the education reform strategy known as the school-to-work movement, which offers a broad range of students work-based learning opportunities. In 1994, just before passage of the STWOA, the Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation illustrated the feasibility of school-to-work approaches by showcasing the "best practice" lessons from 16 pioneering study sites in 12 states. These projects were described in a document that helped in the formation of the STWOA. This followup report tells about the evolution of these 16 programs, which have grown to serve more students , expanded employers' roles and activities, improved curricula and instruction methods, added new work-based learning opportunities, branched out into new occupational areas, and served as models for program replication. The descriptions of these programs also illustrate the problems school-to-work programs face. Designated resources are constantly needed to pay for program development and operation. On-going efforts are needed to serve both high- and low-achieving students, and postsecondary institutions must be involved in building links between high schools and colleges. The programs are grouped into five programmatic approaches to school-to-work: (1) Career Academies; (2) Occupational Academic Cluster programs; (3) Restructured Vocational Education programs; (4) Tech Prep programs; and (5) Youth Apprenticeship programs. An appendix describes each of the programs in the study. (Contains 1 figure, 7 tables, and 50 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Metropolitan Life Foundation.
Authoring Institution: Manpower Demonstration Research Corp., New York, NY.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: School to Work Opportunities Act 1994