ERIC Number: ED413382
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Sep
Achieving Nationwide School Improvement through Widespread Use of Effective Programs and Practices. CRESPAR Research and Development Report, No. 2.
Center for Research on the Education of Students Placed At Risk, Baltimore, MD.
Researchers at the Center for Research on the Education of Students Placed at Risk (CRESPAR) have been studying the question of whether there are existing programs and practices that, if used nationwide, would actually improve the achievement of students placed at risk. The researchers' work and their studies of small-scale programs in many parts of the country lead them to say yes. Students placed at risk of academic failure are capable of achieving at levels that meet, and perhaps exceed, current national averages, and the strategies that can make this happen are already in place at some schools. Two replicable programs, the Comer School Development Program and CRESPAR's Success for All Program have resulted in remarkable gains on standardized tests. The next logical question is whether these programs can be scaled up for nationwide use. "Nationwide Scaling Up: Success for All/Roots & Wings" in this issue explores the ways these related programs (Roots & Wings adds mathematics, science, and social studies components to the Success for All reading program) have expanded to about 750 schools nationwide. "Scaling Up: School-Family-Community Partnerships" discusses the types of cooperation CRESPAR researchers have identified as necessary for program scaling up. "Scaling Up: The New American Schools in Memphis" reviews the success of the New American Schools program as implemented in Memphis (Tennessee). Other topics related to expanding programs for at-risk students in this issue are: (1) "School Reform Efforts for Low-Income African American Students Must Build on Knowledge about the Dynamics of Classroom Life"; (2) "Collaborating with Teachers To Broaden the Scope of Assessment in Schools"; (3) "A Literature Review Focuses on Asian American Students at Risk"; (4) "Parent Involvement Shifts from 8th to 12th Grades to Focus on College Attendance"; and (5) "Effects on Achievement and Best Designs of Volunteer Tutoring Programs Not Yet Known." Three research briefs of CRESPAR programs are also included. (Contains 20 references.) (SLD)
Descriptors: Achievement Gains, Educational Change, Educational Improvement, Educational Policy, Educational Practices, Elementary Secondary Education, High Risk Students, Minority Groups, National Programs, Partnerships in Education, Program Implementation, School Restructuring, Test Results, Urban Schools
Publications Department, CRESPAR, Johns Hopkins University, 3505 North Charles St., Baltimore, MD 21218.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Center for Research on the Education of Students Placed At Risk, Baltimore, MD.