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ERIC Number: ED413161
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Mar
Pages: 9
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
All Was Not Lost: The Political Victories of Mexican Immigrants in Guadalupe, California.
Garcia, Victor
Since the 1970s, the Mexican-descent population of Guadalupe, California, has spearheaded a drive for local political representation. This paper examines their struggles and challenges the misconception of Mexican campesino immigrants as politically apathetic in their new homeland. From 1960 to 1990, the percentage of Guadalupe's population that was of Mexican descent rose from 18 to 83 percent, reflecting both an influx of Mexicans and a White exodus. The primary community division is between "natives" and newcomers, the latter comprised of Mexican Americans, Mexican immigrants, and a few Filipinos, all of whom came to Guadalupe as agricultural workers. The newcomers first challenged the political power of the natives in the 1970s, when newcomer children became the majority in the Guadalupe Union School District. Parent concerns included lack of bilingual education, labeling of Spanish-speaking children as learning disabled, and corporal punishment. Following parent protests, school boycotts, and the arrest and conviction of parents for inciting a riot, the U.S. Civil Rights Commission found that the town's education and justice systems had failed to uphold the civil rights of Mexican and Mexican American residents. After subsequent mass resignations in the school system, the school board began to work closely with newcomer parents. Due to the city's at-large electoral system, newcomers did not achieve representation in city government until the 1990s. Ironically, outrage over Proposition 187 fueled newcomer election victories. (SV)
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California