ERIC Number: ED413131
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996
The Permanency of a Specific Self-Concept.
Wright, Alan N.
Recent research on self-concept has focused on understanding the self in its specific dimensions or in relation to specific roles or situations. Studies on specific self-concept suggest that specific selves may show more stability than global self-concept. This study explored the situationally specific self-concept of participants in a mountaineering experience and then assessed whether recall of that self-concept was stable in a long-term followup. In 1978, 57 adolescents in a 9-week adventure camp program completed the Adjective Check List twice: as a measure of global self-concept on the program's second day and as a measure of specific self-concept as a mountaineer 1 month later after climbing Mt. Rainier. In 1991, 31 original participants, now aged 28-30, again completed global and specific self-concept measures, 30 days apart. Analysis of the standardized scales demonstrates a difference between the global and specific selves, with the specific self seeming to reflect a more selective focused self. The specific view of self collected from an adventure experience of mountain climbing remained as a primarily stable, permanent self-image, even after 13 years had passed. The positive view of self immediately after the experience was characterized as being a goal-directed, self-confident achiever who also felt inner anxiety, excitement, and cooperative attitude toward group members. Years later, the self-image maintained the core view of a goal-directed achiever but viewed some specific facets of self-image less intensely and a few with embellishments. Contains 28 references. (SV)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Adjective Check List