ERIC Number: ED413130
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996
The Current Status of Women's Employment in Outdoor Leadership.
Loeffler, T. A.
A common assumption in the outdoor field has been that women's development as outdoor leaders has not kept pace with their participation in outdoor adventure activities. A survey about women's employment was mailed to 103 outdoor education programs with an adventure component; 62 responded. The programs served 160,585 participants in 1994, of which 41 percent were female. The programs employed 3,401 staff, of which 45 percent were female. However, women made up only 38 percent of executive staff and 38 percent of governing board members. However, organizations that specifically recruited women did not have higher percentages of women employees. Organizations with an affirmative action hiring policy tended to have higher percentages of women employees overall, but not in the executive category. Among administrators responding to the survey, women had significantly lower salaries than men, and this salary gap was not related to educational level or experience. Female administrators were much more likely than males to have felt discriminated against in the field of outdoor leadership based on their gender. Contains 23 references. (SV)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
Note: In: Coalition for Education in the Outdoors Research Symposium Proceedings (3rd, Bradford Woods, Indiana, January 12-14, 1996); see RC 021 207.