ERIC Number: ED413109
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Parents and Teachers: Partners in Whole-Person Formation.
McCormack, Patricia M.
Education may promote the development of students' whole-person identity formation--the spiritual, psychological, social, emotional, and intellectual. This paper considers how identify formation and self-esteem are related, how parents form the foundation for identity, and how teachers can contribute to further growth. Erikson's theory of psychological development and Lickona's theory of identity formation are used as the basis for discussion. Part 1 of the paper focuses on practices of home and school that foster the foundational elements of security, autonomy, initiative, and industry. Part 2 identifies how characteristics of the home environment nurture positive identity formation through effective communication, consistency, accountability, and a value-clarifying atmosphere. Part 3 describes mechanisms of school behavior that are related to the foundational issues of self-esteem and achievement, especially through holding high, but realistic, expectations for students. Part 4 deals with how the school environment can support positive identity formation through establishing systems that support success, using appropriate direction of student progress, setting realistic goals based on developmental readiness, teaching children how to manage time, moving toward increasing student independence, equipping children with skills needed to achieve expectations, holding children accountable for responsible school practices, and providing opportunities to apply their learning. (Contains 13 references.) (KB)
Descriptors: Child Rearing, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, Emotional Development, Family Environment, Identification (Psychology), Intellectual Development, Parent Child Relationship, Parent Teacher Cooperation, Psychological Needs, Self Esteem, Social Development, Spiritual Development, Teacher Student Relationship
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A