ERIC Number: ED413057
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Two-Year Follow-Up of Preschool Children at Risk for ADHD: Verbal Self-Regulation and Speech-Action Coordination.
Winsler, Adam; Diaz, Rafael M.; McCarthy, Elizabeth M.; Bird, Robin L.
This follow-up study explored behavioral self-regulation, private speech and speech-action coordination with 72 preschoolers classified 2 years prior into two groups: those diagnosed as at-risk for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and healthy controls. Children were videotaped as they completed tasks of executive functioning, speech-action coordination, and selective attention. Children's behavior at home and at preschool was measured by parental and teacher report, as was parenting style. Results indicated that over half of the ADHD group continued to show behavior problems at age 5, with 24 percent scoring in the clinical range. The contexts in which private speech emerged, the contexts in which speech-action coordination was observed, and the conditions under which such speech was helpful to the children, differed by group. Parenting style and the quality of maternal-child dyadic interaction during joint problem solving are related, both concurrently and prospectively, to children's attentional and self-regulatory difficulties. Results pose implications in terms of the need for early intervention with this population, and the need for exercising caution with intervention techniques for behaviorally at-risk preschool children that involve the use of explicitly self-instructional scripts. (JPB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A