ERIC Number: ED413037
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Early Supplemental Feeding and Spontaneous Play in West Java, Indonesia.
Walka, Helen; Pollitt, Ernesto; Triana, Nina; Jahari, Abas B.
This study examined the effects of nutritional supplements on the duration and level of spontaneous play of 55 mildly to moderately malnourished toddlers living within the tea plantations of West Java, Indonesia. Infants were randomly assigned by their day care centers to one of three supplement groups: (1) energy and micronutrient supplements; (2) micronutrient plus skim milk; and (3) skim milk alone. After 6 months of supplementation, the children (age 24 months) were videotaped for 30 minutes playing with toys in their home with their caregiver present. The videotapes were coded for duration and frequency of four developmental levels of play behavior: manipulative, relational, functional, and symbolic play. Duration of time off-task, waiting before playing, breastfeeding, and time in social interaction were also coded. Findings indicated that girls demonstrated longer play duration and higher play level, independent of supplementation. There were consistent effects of supplementation on duration and interest in play. Children in the energy plus micronutrient supplementation group played with more toys, had longer activity spans, were less likely to breastfeed, and were less likely to engage in social interaction outside of play than children in other groups. Girls benefited from the supplementation more than boys. (Author/AS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Indonesia