ERIC Number: ED412742
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997
Reference Count: N/A
Hiberno-English: Pidgin, Creole, or Neither? CLCS Occasional Paper No. 49.
The process by which Irish-speaking regions became English-speaking regions over a period of centuries is examined. The first part argues that schooling played far less of a role in the shift than some scholars have suggested, because schools were not structured to be particularly effective in teaching the second language (English) to Irish-speakers and because 1851 census data suggest widespread illiteracy among Irish-English bilinguals. The second part considers the role that migratory labor may have played in the shift, based on documented demographic patterns and research in other languages supporting this influence in language shift. Excerpts from individual accounts from history are used as illustration. The third part considers whether the diffusion of English in Ireland constitutes pidginization or creolization. Phonological/phonetic and morphological characteristics of Hiberno-English are examined in this context. It is concluded that while aspects of both pidginization and creolization processes are evident, this form of language mixing is unique. Contains 75 references. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Trinity Coll., Dublin (Ireland). Centre for Language and Communication Studies.
Identifiers - Location: Ireland